(Note to parents about the alternative spellings for the /er/ phoneme) The /er/ phoneme is the sound made by a vowel in a syllable that isn't stressed. In different accents, stress can placed on different syllables within words and therefore the /er/ sound can be found in different places.This phoneme can be spelt in a wide variety of ways and there is no clear best guess. Many words that are difficult to spell in English are tricky because they contain this phoneme. Children will continue to learn to spell these words throughout the rest of their school days. At this stage in their learning, it is most important that they simply learn to recognise the phoneme, recognise that it can be spelt in a range of ways and begin to learn to spell some of the more common words containing the phoneme.
Here is an explanation for children https://new.phonicsplay.co.uk/resources/phase/5/alt-spellings-er. Click on children's explanation when you get onto the link.
Recap: Play Reading Robot - practise sounding and blending. https://new.phonicsplay.co.uk/resources/phase/5/reading-robot
Main: Click on this link - https://new.phonicsplay.co.uk/resources/phase/5/alt-spellings-er. Click on phoneme spotter. Listen to the phoneme spotter text and listen out for words that have the /er/ phoneme. Then read the phoneme spotter text and see if you can spot the words that have the /er/ phoneme.
Apply: How many different graphemes of /er/ can you find from the text? Write down the words that have the /er/ phoneme and practise reading them throughout the week!
Recap: Play Train your Brain Phase 5b, see if your child can spot the tricky parts of each word, and put sound buttons in the word. https://new.phonicsplay.co.uk/resources/phase/5/train-your-brain-ph5
Main: Practise reading the words: water, away, over, after, the, children, garden, suddenly, dragon. Then practise spelling the words. A favourite game I like to play is to write them down by looking at the word, say it 3 times, say the letters 3 times, and then write 3 times, then check!
Apply: Write a sentence with each of the words above. Remember your capital letters and full stops.
e.g. I like to drink water.
e.g. She went away.
Challenge: Can you use two (or more) of the words in one sentence?
Recap: Play Cheeky Chimps, phase 5b - graphemes of /er/ https://new.phonicsplay.co.uk/resources/phase/5/cheeky-chimps. Children to sort words based on the alternative grapheme.
Main: Practise reading the words from yesterday. water, away, over, after, the, children, garden, suddenly, dragon. Then practise spelling these words. This time practise spelling these words from memory! These are also your spellings for this week.
Apply: Practise reading sentences containing the /er/ phoneme (see Apply PDF). If your child reads this comfortably, see if they can write the sentence as well, without any support!
Recap: Play Word Sort for the /ur/ phoneme. Although it is different to the /er/ phoneme, this is a good recap for knowing all the different graphemes that can make the /er/ phoneme! https://new.phonicsplay.co.uk/resources/phase/5/alt-spellings-ur
Main: Give children the phoneme spotter (see Main PDF). Ask your child to independently read this phoneme spotter and highlight the words that can make the /er/ phoneme. Ask your child to put sound buttons underneath the words that have the /er/ phoneme.
Apply: Practise reading sentences containing the /er/ phoneme (see Apply PDF). If your child is comfortable in reading the sentences, ask your child to write these sentences using their phonics knowledge!
Recap: Play Tricky word trucks, phase 5a and 5b. Read a selection of words and spot the tricky part of each word. https://new.phonicsplay.co.uk/resources/phase/5/tricky-word-trucks
Main: Practise reading the words: their, people, looked, called called on https://new.phonicsplay.co.uk/resources/phase/5/train-your-brain-ph5. You can find these words under 'Phase 5c'. Then talk about the tricky parts of the word. Write the words down and use a different colour crayon or pen to colour the tricky part of the sentence.
Apply: Soundtalk a sentence using each of those 4 words. Then by using your sounds, write a sentence for each one!